The majority of diabetes symptoms are caused by an excess of glucose in the blood. Symptoms are similar for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Often these symptoms creep up gradually and may go unnoticed for a long period of time so it is important to be aware of the symptoms.
The most common symptom experienced by diabetes sufferers is frequent urination. If you are making trips to the bathroom every few hours then this may be a warning sign of a potential diabetes problem. Urination is more frequent in people with diabetes because the kidneys become overwhelmed with glucose and attempt to dilute the glucose by drawing extra water from the blood. This leads to the bladder filling with water more regularly which increases trips to the bathroom.
Related to the first symptom, being constantly thirsty is another common diabetes symptom. Since your kidneys are pulling more water out of the blood and you are losing this water through urination, the body requires a higher water intake than it normally would to prevent dehydration.
A third symptom is a general feeling of weakness and fatigue. This is due to a lack of insulin which helps move glucose from the blood into the bodies cells where it is needed. Because the body is now less efficient at getting energy to the cells, you may begin to feel constantly tired and lacking in energy.
A further symptom, particularly in type-1 diabetes sufferers is unexplained weight loss. This is due to the bodies cells not getting the energy they require so the body begins breaking down fat and muscle tissue to get the energy it needs leading to muscle wasting and weight loss.
Neuropathy (the loss of feeling in the extremities such as the hands and feet) is another symptom of diabetes. High blood sugar levels can cause nerve damage, often symptoms improve once blood sugar is controlled but if blood pressure remains high permanent nerve damage can eventually occur.
Finally you may notice cuts and bruises which take longer than usual to heal. This is again due to the high glucose levels in the body which can slow down the bodies ability to repair itself.
If you have one or more of these symptoms it is important to see a doctor – a simple diabetes test is easy to administer and diabetes can be controlled with a good diet and exercise plan.
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