Maternal Vitamin D Level Linked To Child’s Future Risk Of Diabetes

The children of mothers with a low vitamin D status during pregnancy could be more than twice as likely to develop type-1 diabetes according to the results of a study published in the journal Diabetes earlier this month. The study, led by Ingvild M. Sørensen of the Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål in Norway, involved 109 women whose children subsequently developed type-1 diabetes before the age of 15, and 218 control women whose children did not develop diabetes.


Inadequate Water Intake May Lead To Higher Blood Sugar Levels

A water tapThose who drink less than 0.5 litres of water a day are significantly more likely to develop hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) according to the results of a French study published in the journal Diabetes Care last month.

The research, led by Ronan Roussel, Professor of Medicine at the Hospital Bichat in Paris, involved 3,615 adults who were followed for 9 years. Over the course of the study there were 565 new cases of hyperglycaemia which was defined as either a fasting glucose level over 6.1 mmol/L or the commencement of treatment for diabetes.


Dietary Heme Iron Intake Linked To Gestational Diabetes

A hunk of steakTwo studies, both published in July of this year, have linked high consumption of heme iron (the form of iron found in animal products) with an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes.

The first study was conducted by researchers from the Center for Perinatal Studies at the Swedish Medical Center in Washington, USA, and involved the study of 3,158 pregnant women who were followed over the course of their pregnancy. During the study, 158 of the women developed gestational diabetes.


Researchers Find Impaired Glucose Tolerance More Likely In Fast Eaters

A Japanese study has found that fast eaters may be at a significantly greater risk of developing impaired glucose tolerance compared to those who eat at a normal speed.

The study, which appeared online last month in the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, was conducted by researchers at the Institute of Clinical Medicine at the University of Tsukuba. The study involved 172 initially healthy Japanese men and women who were followed over 3 years.


Type 1 Diabetes Incidence Continues To Increase

A study published in the journal Diabetic Medicine last month shows a dramatic increase in the rate of type 1 diabetes in the UK, mirroring increases in other developed countries over the last couple of decades.

The report, which compared type 1 diabetes incidence in the UK between 1991 and 2008 showed some dramatic increases, particularly among boys aged 0-14 years where the rate more than doubled from 11 cases per 100,000 person-years to 24 cases per 100,000 person-years.


Lack Of Sleep A Risk Factor For Diabetes

Those who do not get between 7 and 8 hours of sleep a night are between 2 and 3 times more likely to develop type-2 diabetes according to a recent study published in the journal Diabetes Care in March 2006.

The study, conducted by American researchers involved a group of 1,709 men from Boston, Massachusetts aged between 40 and 75. The participants were followed over an average of 15 years during which 90 cases of type-2 diabetes were diagnosed.


Red And Processed Meat Linked To Type-2 Diabetes

A chunk of meatRegular red and processed meat consumption of more than 5 servings a week is a significant risk factor for the development of type-2 diabetes according to several research studies.

One of the largest studies on the link between meat consumption and diabetes risk was published in the journal Diabetes Care in 2004. It involved the study of 37,309 initially healthy women aged over 45 who completed a food questionnaire in 1993 and were then followed for an average of 8.8 years.


Lifetime Diabetes Risk More Than 70% When BMI Is Greater Than 35

Those with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35 are almost ten times more likely to develop diabetes in their lifetimes than those with a normal BMI (18.5-24.9) according to a study published in the journal Diabetes Care in 2007.

The study involved analyzing data from the US National Health Interview Survey and involved more than 200,000 American participants aged between 18-84. Overall 15,843 (6.5%) of the study participants had been diagnosed with diabetes.


Fresh Fruit & Green Leafy Vegetables Reduce Type-2 Diabetes Risk

LettuceFresh fruit and green leafy vegetables such as spinach, silver-beet, and lettuce reduce the risk of developing type-2 diabetes according to a new study published in the journal Diabetes Care online earlier this month. The same study also found that drinking large amounts of fruit juice may substantially increase diabetes risk.

The research, led by Dr. Lydia Bazzano of the Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans, involved the analysis of data from 71,346 healthy female nurses between the ages of 38 and 63 over an 18 year period between 1984 and 2002. During the study period, 4,529 new cases of type-2 diabetes were diagnosed.


Diabetics At Same Risk Of Cardiovascular Death As Heart Attack Survivors

Diabetes sufferers are just as likely to have a heart attack or stroke as those who have already survived a heart attack according to a recent Danish study published in the journal Circulation.

The study of 3.3 million residents of Denmark over the age of 30 was conducted between 1997 and 2002. 71,801 of those studied had been diagnosed with either type-1 or type-2 diabetes while a further 79,575 had suffered a prior heart attack.


Vitamin D Deficiency Leads To Type-1 Diabetes Later In Life

Infants who do not receive enough Vitamin D are more likely to develop type-1 diabetes in later life according to researchers who analyzed the findings of five previous studies.

The study, which appears in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood, found that across the five studies, vitamin D supplementation resulted in a 30 percent reduction in the probability of developing type-1 diabetes later in life.


Low GI Diets And Diabetes Risk

The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the impact a particular food has on an individuals blood glucose levels. GI is defined as the area under the two-hour blood glucose response curve after consuming a fixed portion of a particular food. A high GI value indicates that consumption of a particular food increases blood glucose levels both faster and to a higher peak than a low GI food.


Diet Soda, Red Meat & Fried Food Boost Diabetes, Heart Disease Risk

Piece of steakTypical staples of a western diet such as diet soft drinks, red meats, and fried foods can lead to a condition called metabolic syndrome which can significantly increase your risk of developing diabetes and heart disease according to a recent study.

The study, funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and published in the American Heart Association’s Circulation journal, found that as little as two servings of red or processed meat a day and one diet soft drink increases an individuals risk of developing metabolic syndrome by more than a quarter.