Poor Glucose Control Linked To Brain Volume Shrinkage In The Elderly

Older adults suffering from either pre-diabetes or full blown diabetes show significantly greater rates of brain volume shrinkage according to the results of a study presented this month at the joint conference of the International Congress of Endocrinology and European Congress of Endocrinology.

The research, led by Dr. Katherine Samaras, Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of New South Wales in Australia, focussed on 312 adults aged between 70 and 90 who were followed up over 2 years.

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Garlic Compound As Effective As Insulin At Treating Diabetes

A garlicA compound, found exclusively in garlic, may control blood sugar levels just as well as insulin but without the need for daily injections according to a new study published in the January 2009 issue of Metallomics, a journal published by the Royal Society of Chemistry. The compound, known as Bis(allixinato)oxidovanadium(IV), is a complex consisting of a central vanadium atom connected to two allixin molecules.

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Can Cinnamon Be Used To Treat Diabetes?

According to a study published in the journal Diabetes Care in 2003, cinnamon may be quite effective at reducing blood sugar levels in diabetic patients, reducing the need for diabetes medication.

The study, conducted by Pakistani and American researchers, involved 30 diabetic men and 30 diabetic women who were divided into six groups. The first three groups consumed 1, 3 or 6 grams of cinnamon per day in the form of a cinnamon supplement while the final three groups received placebos.

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Salsalate Improves Glycemic Control, May Treat Diabetes

Salsalate, an NSAID closely related to Aspirin, has been found to reduce fasting glucose levels and improve glucose tolerance in obese individuals according to a small pilot study published in the journal Diabetes Care in February this year. The study raises the possibility of using salsalate as an alternative treatment for type-2 diabetes and for the prevention of diabetes in high risk individuals.

The study involved 20 individuals aged under 30 who were classified as obese (BMI greater than 30).

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Alcohol Consumption Associated With Lower Diabetes Risk

A glass of beerA 12-year study on the effects of alcohol on diabetes has found that consumption of alcohol may reduce the risk of developing type-2 diabetes by more than a third. The reduction in diabetes risk was apparent even at relatively high levels of alcohol consumption (more than 28 standard drinks a week).

The researchers used data from 46,892 male health professionals who were sent questionnaires every two years for the 12 year study period.

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Exercise Improves Insulin Secretion & Sensitivity In The Elderly

A new study, presented in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, has found that elderly people with either diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (a precursor to diabetes) , dramatically improved their sensitivity to insulin after just one week of light aerobic exercise.

The research, conducted at the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan, involved 12 elderly people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) performing an hour of supervised aerobic exercise for a period of 7 days.

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Successful Stem Cell Treatment In Mice Gives Hope For Diabetics

Scientists at a biotechnology company called Novocell have reported a break through in the treatment of diabetes by using stem cell therapy to create insulin producing cells that were injected into mice.

The study, which were published online by the journal Nature Biotechnology, reported that researchers had  produced insulin secreting cells through a complicated process that involved first turning the stem cells into endoderm cells in the lab.

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Six Supplements That Help Treat Diabetes

Some red pillsThere are numerous dietary supplements that can aid in the treatment and management of diabetes. These typically work by increasing an individuals sensitivity to insulin, or by reducing some of the common symptoms of diabetes.

It is recommended you consult a doctor before beginning a supplement regime that includes one or more of the supplements below due to potential adverse reactions that can occur when certain supplements are combined with other medications.

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What Fruits Can A Diabetic Eat?

Assorted citrus fruitDiabetics often ask whether it is safe for them to eat large quantities of fruit. Many diabetic patients avoid eating fruit because they are worried that the high sugar content found in most fruits will worsen their condition. Fortunately, there are many fruits a diabetic can enjoy which do not significantly affect blood glucose levels, in fact certain fruits may actually improve glucose control and insulin sensitivity over time.

Good Fruits For Diabetics

Fiber rich foods are generally safe for diabetics to eat because they tend to have a lower glycemic index (GI) and therefore do not spike blood sugar levels to the same extent as high GI foods. This is because fiber delays the emptying of stomach contents into the small intestine which slows down the absorption of sugar into the blood stream. Fiber rich fruits tend to be fruits with edible skins and seeds as it is these parts of the fruit that are highest in fiber.

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Whole Grain Breakfast Cereals Reduce Diabetes Risk

Those who eat breakfast cereal each day are far less likely to develop type-2 diabetes than those who do not according to a recent study published in the journal Obesity in December, 2007.

Researchers at the Harvard medical school in Boston, using data from over 20,000 individuals from the Physicians’ Health Study, found a correlation between breakfast cereal consumption and a reduction in the risk of type-2 diabetes. The relationship was stronger amongst those eating whole-grain cereals rather than processed cereal products.

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Can Diabetics Drink Alcohol?

A glass of beerAs a general rule, diabetics are able to drink alcohol in light to moderate amounts without any negative health effects.

Alcoholic drinks are typically very low in carbohydrates – a can of beer contains around 10 grams of carbohydrate while wine (with the exception of port), and spirits contain virtually none. Compare this to some soft drinks which contain up to 35 grams of carbohydrates per serving. Furthermore, alcohol actually lowers blood-sugar levels for up to 8-12 hours after alcohol is consumed. This is because alcohol promotes glucose uptake into the liver in the form of glycogen (a form of short term energy storage).

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Common Symptoms Of Diabetes

The majority of diabetes symptoms are caused by an excess of glucose in the blood. Symptoms are similar for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Often these symptoms creep up gradually and may go unnoticed for a long period of time so it is important to be aware of the symptoms.

The most common symptom experienced by diabetes sufferers is frequent urination. If you are making trips to the bathroom every few hours then this may be a warning sign of a potential diabetes problem.

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Nine Myths About Diabetes

There are many misconceptions about diabetes, here are nine of the more common ones.

Diabetes is an inherited disease – although having first-degree relatives with diabetes is considered a risk factor, a. person can develop diabetes even if they have no relatives with the disease

Diabetes is caused by eating too much sugar - sugar does not play a significant role in a person developing diabetes because it only moderately raises blood sugar levels. Diabetes risk factors are both genetic and lifestyle related. The main lifestyle risk factor is being overweight.

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